NOTE: As a best practice, always make a backup copy of your configuration files before attempting to modify them.
SUMMARY: These instructions describe the steps needed to get install an Apache web server and configure it to server multiple independent websites using virtual host configurations. Where appropriate I’ve tried to include paths formatted both for Mac/Linux (EXT) and Windows (NTFS) file systems.
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- Download the appropriate XAMPP installed package from the Apache Friends website and run the installer. I usually set the installer to place the xampp installation directory right in the root of the working volume (C:\ or /)
Add a new entry to your hosts file
- Add two entries to your machine’s hosts file.
127.0.0.1 mywebapp 127.0.0.1 mywebapp.localhost
Add files for your new website
- If you don’t already one, create a new directory named “dev” in the root of your system volume, then create a new directory in C:\dev\ called mywebapp.
- Use your text editor to create a new file. Enter some text, e.g. “Foo bar” or “Hello world!”, save the file here…
Configure Apache to host multiple websites
- Then navigate to the XAMPP installation directory. Locate the folder named “conf” within XAMPP Apache installation directory. This is where Apache’s configuration files are located.
- Using your favorite text editor, open the file named “httpd.conf”, e.g.
- Locate the following configuration directive. If it is preceded by a pound symbol, delete the pound symbol (in this context it indicates a comment) and any antecedent white space characters.
# Include “conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf”
- Save the file, then locate the folder named “extra” within the Apache conf directory. Use your text editor to open the file named “httpd-vhosts.conf”.
- At the end of this file, add a new node, following the extant XML schema.
<VirtualHost *:80> ServerName mywebapp.localhost ServerAlias mywebapp ErrorLog "logs\mywebapp.local-error.log" CustomLog "logs\mywebapp.local-access.log" combined DocumentRoot /dev/mywebapp AddDefaultCharset UTF-8 <Directory "/dev/mywebapp"> DirectoryIndex index.html Options Indexes FollowSymLinks Includes ExecCGI AllowOverride All Order allow,deny Allow from all </Directory> </VirtualHost>
<VirtualHost *:80> ServerName mywebapp.localhost ServerAlias mywebapp ErrorLog "logs\mywebapp.local-error.log" CustomLog "logs\mywebapp.local-access.log" combined DocumentRoot "C:\dev\mywebapp" AddDefaultCharset UTF-8 <Directory "C:\dev\mywebapp"> DirectoryIndex index.html Options Indexes FollowSymLinks Includes ExecCGI AllowOverride All Order allow,deny Allow from all </Directory> </VirtualHost>
- Save the file and restart the Apache httpd service.
- Open your web browser (close and reopen if necessary) and navigate to your new website, http://mywebapp. If Apache won’t start, examine its log files.